Basic Hotfix Principles Material CheckPreparationApplicationFinishing

Application using a heat press

A heat press is the ideal tool for applying Hotfix products as it can be used to apply even, adjustable pressure. All Swarovski crystals mentioned in the product overview can be applied using the following steps. Please also note the helpful hints concerning the application of Crystal Mesh and Crystal Diamond Transfers.

To adjust the application parameters and the aids to achieve an ideal balance, it is strongly recommended that tests are carried out with the original material.

* If adhesion is insufficient following the application process, it can be repeated, adjusting the parameters (such as pressure, time and temperature). Please ensure that the application process is repeated from the very beginning, and that the initial application time is combined with the additional time. For example: An application time of 10 seconds was not sufficient. Pressure should not just be applied for further 5 seconds — the process must be repeated in its entirety, with an application time of 15 seconds.

Application using a continuous fusing press

Transfers, and other Hotfix Banding variants can be applied using a continous fusing press. This type of application offers a simple, efficient way of joining the carrier material and the Hotfix product as part of a continuous application process.  

Application using a continuous fusing press

Continuous fusing press operation

With most continuous fusing presses, heat is generated on both sides. The speed of the press, pressure and temperature should be selected to ensure that the time in the heat zone corresponds to the figures in the Hotfix Selector table. This time can be calculated using the length of the heat zone and the speed selected.

Application using an ultrasonic device

Art. 2078 XIRIUS Flat Back Hotfix (SS 12 – SS 34), art. 2038 XILION Flat Back Hotfix (SS 6 – SS 10) and some Creation Stones (e.g. Rivoli cuts art. 2716, 2816, 2826) can quickly and easily be applied using an ultrasonic device. In this process, the hot-melt adhesive is activated via friction heat, created through the quick vibrations and simultaneous pressing down of the Flat Backs onto the carrier material.

A device with a vacuum pump is best for correctly positioning the crystals. Alternatively, they can also be positioned using transfer film or tweezers, and then applied via ultrasound.

The frequency of the ultrasonic device must be precisely set according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
Some manufacturers also offer devices with automatic frequency setting. The application time is then selected according to pretests.

Please watch the video to see how the application of Rivoli Flat Backs is done by using an ultrasonic device:

Application using a stone setting machine

Hotfix crystals can be secured with a stone setting machine using either ultrasound or heat. The feed and application of the crystals is either fully or semi-automatic.  

Application using an applicator

Applicators are a cost-effective way to apply art. 2078 XIRIUS Flat Back Hotfix (SS 12 – SS 34) and art. 2038 XILION Flat Back Hotfix (SS 6 – SS 10) onto the carrier material.

Note: Heat sensitive fabrics can be damaged by high temperatures of the applicator point.

Application using an iron

In general, an iron can be used for the application of all Hotfix crystals. However, as pressure and temperature can only be controlled to a limited extent, the use of a heat press is recommended.

Always make sure that there are no steam vents on the soleplate of the iron. Pressure cannot be applied at these vents, and water droplets and steam have a negative effect on the application results. Always iron on a firm, flat and even base.

Explanation of dot system according to DIN EN ISO 3758

• Soleplate temperature 110°C (230°F)
•• Soleplate temperature 150°C (302°F)
••• Soleplate temperature 200°C (392°F)